Shamsher Gazi Dighi – Feni

Shamsher Ghazi of Bangabir, Ghazi of Samash was an anti-British revolutionary and hero of the peasant revolt in Roshanabad Parganas of Tripura. He died in 1757 while trying to repel the British colonial invasion. He is known as the tiger of Bhati. He was the first to be killed by the colonial power after Shamser Ghazi Nawab Sirajuddaula.


Greater Noakhali, Feni, Comilla, Chittagong and Tripura. In the middle of the eighteenth century, a revolutionary emerged in South-East Bengal. His name is Shamser Ghazi. His titles are ‘Banglar Bir’ and ‘Bhatir Bagh’. He formed a battalion against the Mugh-Portuguese pirates. The Harmads were expelled from the coastal towns. Syed Gada Hossain, the successor of the poet Syed Sultan, lit the lamp of knowledge in his heart. Unsuccessful love with Zamindarkanya Darya Bibi enhanced his life to a different extent. Zamindari took possession through peasant movement. [2]

Shamsher Ghazi of Bangabir was born in Chhagalnaiya upazila of present Feni district. His father’s name was Peer Muhammad Khan and his mother’s name was Kaiyara Bibi. [3] He was a slave to a zamindar in his early life. [1]


From Chagalnaiya in Feni, take the Grand Trunk Road, 7 km towards Chittagong, and then come to Kaiyara Bazaar. The name of the village here is Kaiyara. This Kaiyara village is named after Kaiyara Bibi. And Kaiyara Bibi is the mother of Shamser Gazi. Shamser Ghazi is called Bhati Bagh. His father’s name was Pir Mohammad. Pir Mohammad was a rent collector. For some reason he quit his job and moved to the Bedorabad area with his wife. When he lost his way due to financial difficulties, Nasir Man Chowdhury, a philanthropist of Nijkunjara Mouza, gave him shelter. Shamser Ghazi was born in that house. Shamsher Gazi’s childhood was varied. He lost his father at a very young age. Despite the lack of family, the boy Shamsher was very naughty. One day he was sitting on the bank of Feni river crying after being scolded by his mother. Then Jagannath Sen, the talukdar of Shubpur, saw Shamser. He kindly took Shamsher to Shubpur. Talukdar of Shubhpur There were no children. Shamsher Ghazi grew up there in affection. In addition to his studies, he became proficient in wrestling, lathi khela, and archery. He also continues to take hands-on training on various subjects.

Zamindari profit:

After the death of Talukdar Jagannath Sen, young Shamsher Gazi started collecting rent in Shubhpur. His rise began. At that time he formed a strong force to stop thieves, robbers and pirates. Ghazi was commanded by his cousin Chadu Paloyan. When Shamser Ghazi, the commander of the Maharaja of Tripura, entered the area around 1739, they fell and were taken prisoner by General Chadu Paloyan. The Maharaja of Tripura recognized Ghazi as the legitimate zamindar of Kedakshinshik on condition that his general be released. Shamser Gazi was Prajadardi. He waived one year’s rent of the farmer in case of severe damage to the crop due to the hill slope and informed that it was not possible to pay rent to the Maharaja’s treasury for the next three years. The Maharaja of Tripura became enraged and sent about 7,000 troops to oust Ghazi. The result is the opposite. In a miserable defeat he left the palace and hid in the forest. A large part of the state of Tripura came under the control of Shamsher Ghazi. During the reign of Shamsher Ghazi, Udaipur was the capital of Tripura. However, he spent most of his time at his main fort and palace at Champaknagar in Jagannath-Sonapur on the Feni river at the foot of Raghunandan hill.

Patterns of memory and fame

Zamindari took possession through peasant movement. Opposing anti-people activities, Roshanal fell victim to Tripura Raj. The fierce battle began. The tiger roared. Bhukhananga jumped on the battlefield with the peasants. Tejodipta Javan Bir Shamser roamed the battlefield in Hirakdana. While destroying the enemy army, he became an indestructible warrior, an irresistible weapon. Took over the throne. The state of Tripura ruled for a continuous period. The English bania cornered him.

The border area of ​​India at Champaknagar in Chhagalnaiya is intertwined with the memory of Shamsher Ghazi. There are Shamsher Gazi Tunnel, Shamsher Gazi Dighi and many more. However, the ruins of many other important structures, including his palace, remain in Tripura, India.

How to go:

Shamser Gazi Dighi with CNG from Hospital turn of Parshuram Bazar

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Translate By Sheikh Sobuj,
Updated: June 16, 2023

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