Ramu Buddhist Monastery – Cox’s Bazar

In Various texts and books, historians described Ramu as “Pang-wa / Panoya”, meaning the land of yellow flowers. The Ramu area once had the reputation of a provincial capital of arkan.

The ruler of Ramu used to be addressed as Pang-wa-ja by the Rakhine kings. It is said that during the reign of Chenda Thuria (580-528 BC), the first Rakhine king of the Third Dhanyavati period, the Gautama Buddha came to Arakan with his servant Ananda at chenda thuria’s invitation.There are also rumors that gautam buddha had five hundred more disciples and there at a religious conference, Gautama Buddha said to his disciples Anandda, In the future my thorax will be placed on a hill on the east coast of the West Sea. Then it will be named ‘Rang-U’. ” ‘Rang-U’ ‘is a rakhine word meaning thoracic bone. ‘Rang’ means chest, ‘U’ means chest bone. In the linguistic process, the word rang-u is similar to the word ramu in phonological and semantic terms.

Ramu is one of the 84,000 metal chaityas built by Ashoka III (273-232 BC) of the Maurya dynasty. The historic Rankut Banashram built in 308 BC,in the Rajarkul Union of Ramu Buddhist Vihara Upazila is situated in a picturesque environment at the top of the hill.

When Ramkot ceased to exist in the course of time, Jagat Jyoti Mahasthavi, a priest from Sri Lanka, renovated the Ramkot Buddhist monastery in 1919. There are forest monasteries here that have ancient Buddhist installations and antiquities. Every year a large number of pilgrims and tourists flock here.

At the foot of the ashram, there is a Buddhist orphanage called “Jagat Jyoti Shishu Sadan” patronized by many countries including Brazil, France and Italy. During the construction of this ashram, the tombs of the descendants of the late Pooveza: Sejari (Khizari Dalal) of Danbir were destroyed and that thing is a matter of sorrow to the  Rakhine community of Ramu.

There are many orphans in the ashram who are studying here without any expense. World poet Rabindranath Tagore wrote the novel “Rajarshi” while sitting in Ramkot. The poet was the first to describe Ramu, the land of yellow flowers as a Ramya bhumi. However,once upon a time in Buddhist culture as a pedestal the present Ramu was known as the name of Ramyabhumi.

 How to go:

It is located in a hilly forest environment on the east side of chittagong-cox’s bazar main road at rajkul under ramu police station in cox’s bazar district . At one time, Buddhist education and culture developed in the region centered on this monastery.


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Translate By Sadman Sakib,
Updated: September 30, 2021

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