In the south, the towns of Bheramara and Pakshi are beautiful places to visit because they are close to the Padma River. When you come here, the sound of the Padma’s waves, the green all around you, and the hot wind fill your heart. In the same way, the Harding Bridge, which was the first rail bridge built in the 20th century and is the country’s largest rail bridge, and the Lalon Shah Bridge, which is the country’s second largest bridge, are both in this area, which has a lot of history and ancient accomplishments.
Most of all, the sheep have been made better by the memorials to the Liberation War and independence, which are now a popular tourist spot. The list of places to see in the country now includes one more.
Every day, there are tens of thousands of people on both sides of Bheramara-Pakshi. It feels like people are getting together in the morning and afternoon. You can’t understand it unless you see it for yourself.
The Lalon Shah Bridge on the south side of the Hardinge Bridge is one of Bheramara’s accomplishments. The Lalon Shah Bridge is Bangladesh’s second-largest road bridge. The two-lane bridge over the Padma River is 1,786 metres long and 7.5 metres wide. It has created a direct road network between the south-western part of Bangladesh and the north-western part, as well as improved the two toll plazas on both sides of the bridge. This bridge is 10 km long at its eastern end and 6 km long at its western end.
There is beauty along the road. The Lalon Shah Bridge has made a big difference in the development of the south-western region’s transport and communication systems.
Hardinge Bridge is a place where veterans can go to get help. The response pool was a dream for people who are 80 or 90 years old today. The Lalon Shah Bridge in Bheramara is the realisation of a dream in the same way that the bridge in Jamuna is the realisation of a dream. Elders say that when the Siliguri metre-gauge railway line was built in 1890, trains, ferries, and steamers began running between Sarwar Ghat on one side of the Padma and Damukdia Ghat on the other.
When the final decision to build a bridge over the Padma was made in 1910, it was very hard to keep the river from moving too fast. On both sides of the Padma, where this hard work was being done, the world’s first river training and guide dam was built. In 1912, work on the railway bridge began when a guide bank was tied to a bank about 8 kilometres upstream.
In this way, the speed of the Padma was slowed down before work on the railway bridge could begin. Then, building the bridge on soft silt was another hard thing to do. The bridge is put in place by digging wells 190 to 160 feet below the riverbed. So, 15 spans of 52 feet each and a rail bridge over the land span that is 5,894 feet long and has solid structures on both sides were built. This is an amazing feat that will never be forgotten.
Robert William Gels and Francis Springs, who worked for a company called Brains, Wally, and Cream, designed the rail bridge. On January 1, 1915, an engine pulling a number of goods waggons went over the bridge as an experiment.
We know that the first engine across the bridge was driven by a man named Sona Mia. Then, on March 4, 1915, the largest rail bridge of the time was officially opened by Lord Hardinge, who was Vice Lord at the time. Since then, the name Hardinge Bridge has been given to the first bridge with two rail lines. This bridge is a reminder of the Liberation War and how independence was won. Five days before the victory, on December 11, 1971, the invading Pakistani forces bit the retreating dead. Two Sabre jets dropped bombs on the bridge. The 12th span got a lot of damage from the bomb.
After the final victory, the world organisation helped rebuild the communication system in Bangladesh, which had been destroyed. The Hardinge Bridge was fixed quickly by the British government and the Indian government. Trains went through Hardinge Bridge again on October 12, 1972. Both the banks of Bheramara and Pakshi at Lalon Shah Bridge are now places where people go to enjoy the beauty of nature. Bheramara 60 MW Power Generation Plant, Asia, is another place to visit. MahaGanga-Kapotaksh GK is the biggest irrigation project in the country.
On the other side, there are the western divisional offices of Bangladesh Railway, paper mills, export processing zones (EPZs) of North Bengal, and the traditional BBC Bazaar of Ruppur in India and Ruppur in Pakshi. Robert William Gels, who designed Hardinge Bridge, also built a bungalow. The name “Gael Kuthi” comes from the engineer William Gale. While he was living in this bungalow, he looked at the plans for Hardinge Bridge and came up with new ways to build things. The bungalow has also been there to see how things have changed.
It is easy for both domestic and international tourists to visit. Pakshi is a town in the railway division. It is also known for its narrow-gauge railway. The current generation knows a lot about the railroad’s broad gauge and metre gauge. There was once a metre-gauge narrow-gauge railway in this country. In front of the Pakshi railway department office, there were narrow-gauge railways and locomotives that were moved by pulling on ropes. All of them made it through the times and are still alive today.
You can also see Chandraprabha Vidyapith in Pakshit. Many talented people went to this school, including the famous Indian poet Shakmakh Ghosh. If you look at this old school of education, it lets you enter the 21st century at the start of the 20th century through your memory.
On the other hand, during the first nine months of the Liberation War in 1971, people from the nearby villages would listen to the BBC’s Bangla programme in Kashem Molla’s tea shop in a karaitla of Rooppur Bazar to hear news about the Liberation War. Since then, people still call the market “BBC Bazaar.”
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